In the perspective of the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS), the Services
and the Coastal modules, an important goal is to develop operational tools
for those in charge of safety and regulation for coastal marine operations
and constructions, as well as for the protection of the marine environment.
In fact, the ongoing planning of the GOOS Coastal Module already recognises
the need to consider such actors as 'strategic partners' for the
development of GOOS. The World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) has a global
subgroup on ground based radars in ocean sensing (ROSE), bringing together
different relevant activities both in Europe and in Australia, USA and Japan.
Together with the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC),
WMO conducts several global programs for monitoring and predicting the ocean
Among such actors we find Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) operators, harbour
management, coastal and waterways management and marine environmental
protection organisations. These actors, in the following we use VTS as an
example, are in a rapid development process due to general increase in
traffic density and the new loads of environmental protection duties, and
they feel the urge for more efficient tools. VTS, like other management tools,
is an integrated concept embracing vessel and cargo data, seafloor, safety
and rescue undertakings, and, in the context of the present proposal,
the governing met-ocean conditions (winds, waves, water level and currents)
which affect the safety and manoeuvrability of ships, operational performances
etc. Further, the requirement for such information is not limited to
the actual location of interest, but needed for a fairly extensive area
surrounding the focus points. This is due to the existence of strong spatial
variability within the area, as well as to the propagating nature of ocean
phenomena (such as eddies).
The present proposal aims at developing a tool to be used by VTS operators,
harbour and coastal managers, to monitor and predict the significant met-ocean
conditions with high time/spatial resolution in limited sea areas surrounding
locations of dense and sensitive marine operations. This tool consists of
three basic elements, each one well matured and proven:
- The high frequency radar systems which provide gridded coverage of wave
spectra and currents within a distance from 2 - 40 km off shore and a
resolution of 0.5 - 2 km.
- Navigational X-band radar systems which provide near field wave spectra
and surface current averages for significant subareas (about 1 kmē) within
a range of 0.5 - 10 km.
- High resolution numerical models (less then 500 m) simulating and
all four classes of parameters in an area of about 40*40 kmē. Such models
already exist and there is need to assimilate spatial radar sensed data into
the model parameter fields in order to improve their initial fields for the
prediction of the next two days.
This work is supported by the European Commission DG XII within
the MAST-3 programme, project EuroROSE, CT98-0168.
last update 12-Apr-2000
firstname.lastname@example.org (Klaus-Werner Gurgel)